The science or study of plants. The plant life of a particular area: the botany of the Ohio River valley. The characteristic features and biology of a particular kind of plant or plant group. Botany the study of plants, including their classification, structure, physiology, ecology, and economic importance. Botany the biological characteristics of a particular group of plants. The scientific study of plants, including their growth, structure, and diseases.
The plant life of a particular area: the botany of the American southwest. See also biology ; flowers ; grasses ; leaves ; plants ; trees. Also called graminology. Also called phycology.
See also physics.
Also called phytology. See also color. Obsolete, a descriptive botanist. See also plants. Also phytogeny. Switch to new thesaurus. Mentioned in? References in classic literature?
Botany was, I knew, a favourite study of his: and these flowers were to me so entirely new and mysterious, that I was really curious to see what a botanist would say of them. View in context.To save this word, you'll need to log in. Send us feedback. See more words from the same year Dictionary Entries near botany botanical garden botanise botanize botany Botany Bay Botany Bay greens Botany Bay gum. Accessed 19 Apr.
What is Botany?
Keep scrolling for more More Definitions for botany botany. Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible. What does capricious mean?
Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! We have a hard decision to make. Or 'unessential'? And who put it there, anyway? Literally How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts.
Is Singular 'They' a Better Choice? Come look at pictures of baby animals. Can you correctly identify these flowers? Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Do you know the person or title these quotes describe? Login or Register.
Save Word. Log In. Definition of botany. Keep scrolling for more. Examples of botany in a Sentence Recent Examples on the Web Possibilities include math and chemistry through baking; botany through gardening; basic carpentry; or learning about space through a mobile app.
First Known Use of botanyin the meaning defined at sense 1. Learn More about botany. Time Traveler for botany The first known use of botany was in See more words from the same year.Add botany to one of your lists below, or create a new one. Heads-ups and wake-up calls! The language of warnings. Definitions Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. Follow us. Choose a dictionary.
Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. Word Lists. Choose your language. My word lists. Tell us about this example sentence:. This is a good example of how the word is used. The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. The sentence contains offensive content. Cancel Submit. Your feedback will be reviewed. Here I can saunter in a green-house among plants and heaths, studying botany and beauty.
His leisure time was given up to natural history, and especially to mineralogy and botany. I spoke just now of the time when England was joined to France, as bearing on Hampshire botany.
In this same leisurely manner I studied zoology and botany. When his shop was closed he would go out on the hills, and there spend his time studying geology and botany. Examples of botany. Other scientific terms from botanychemistry, medicine, etc. From Cambridge English Corpus.
All main features of this crop - its botanyfield production and harvesting, pests and diseases and work on crop improvement - are covered concisely.
These examples are from the Cambridge English Corpus and from sources on the web. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors. Integral to this new landscape was its incorporation of botany and the invention of a botanical aesthetics.
Chapters include the complex taxonomy and descriptions of the botany of the five species, origin and distribution with major and minor production areas.
Citizens' organisations organised tours on history and botany. The information on the botanyutilization and future prospects forms a valuable reference source, whereas the collection information will date rapidly.
The high culture of serious botany was also irrevocably changed. Cameralism's claims on chemistry and botany in particular tended to provoke consternation among professors of medicine. He appears consistently to have believed in the intimate connection between botany and capitalism, and in the concurrent advance of civilisation and science. There were also songs specializing in physiology, anatomy, anthropology, zoology, mineralogy, astronomy, botanyand chemistry. The largest sub-categories over 30 per cent together are mineralogy and chemistry, and many other words come from biology, geology, botanymedicine, physics and mathematics.
For this reason alone botanychemistry, and physics are now something quite different from what they were fifty years ago.Speak now. Fancy yourself a brilliant botany buff? Why not put yourself to the test with our botany quizzes? Challenge yourself, or challenge your friends! From the tiniest flower to the tallest tree, botany is a fascinating subject, with many permutations. Challenge yourself with our botany quizzes or challenge your friends! No need to wait for next Spring—go ahead and take our botany trivia quizzes today.
Ih Botany Quiz. Sample Question.
Prepared by Mr. Rajamani, M.Fungi: Death Becomes Them - CrashCourse Biology #39
Asst Botany A. S Mat. Hr Sec. School, Arni.
Swedish botanist. British botanist. German Botanist. Indian Botanist. A fill in the blank quiz to prepare for a botany exam on gymnosperms. Chapter 3: Botany. Keep Taking the quiz. Never again will any of us fail these test. Pollen formation.Botany is the scientific study of plants. By this definition plants include: algae, fungi, lichens, mosses, ferns, conifers and flowering plants.
Today scientists believe bacteria, algae and fungi are in their own distinct kingdoms, but most general botany courses, and most Botany Departments at colleges and universities, still teach about these groups. Because the field is so broad, there are many kinds of plant biologists and many different opportunities available. Botanists interested in ecology study interactions of plants with other organisms and the environment.
Other field botanists search to find new species or do experiments to discover how plants grow under different conditions. Some botanists study the structure of plants. They may work in the field, concentrating on the pattern of the whole plant. Others use microscopes to study the most detailed fine structure of individual cells. Many botanists do experiments to determine how plants convert simple chemical compounds into more complex chemicals.
They may even study how genetic information in DNA controls plant development. Botanists study processes that occur on a time scale ranging from fractions of a second in individual cells to those that unfold over eons of evolutionary time. The results of botanical research increase and improve our supply of medicines, foods, fibers, building materials, and other plant products. Conservationists use botanical knowledge to help manage parks, forests, range lands, and wilderness areas.
Public health and environmental protection professionals depend on their understanding of plant science to help solve pollution problems. Real Careers - Great Choices! BSA members talk about their jobs An adventure! What is Botany? Why Choose a Career in Botany? Botanical Society Of America Inc. Cooley Award A. Sharp Award Edgar T. Kaplan Award in Comparative Morphology J. Classroom Plant Talking Points.
McIntosh Apple Development Project.One who specializes in botany. Switch to new thesaurus. Mentioned in? References in classic literature? He was a zealous botanistand all his enthusiasm was awakened at beholding a new world, as it were, opening upon him in the boundless prairies, clad in the vernal and variegated robe of unknown flowers.
View in context. This vine--of a species which no botanist has ever been able to name--has an important part in the story of the house. Nuttall, the botanist ; the same who ascended the Missouri at the time of the expedition to Astoria; and Mr. And the botanist who finds that the apple falls because the cellular tissue decays and so forth is equally right with the child who stands under the tree and says the apple fell because he wanted to eat it and prayed for it.
I am not botanist enough to say whether the change here is owing to the introduction of new species, to the altered growth of the same, or to a difference in their proportional numbers. The second was the man's conventional abode, or rather sleeping-place; it contained a few poor articles of household furniture -- a bed, a table, two chairs, a stone pitcher -- and some dry herbs, hung up to the ceiling, which the count recognized as sweet pease, and of which the good man was preserving the seeds; he had labelled them with as much care as if he had been master botanist in the Jardin des Plantes.
Botany was, I knew, a favourite study of his: and these flowers were to me so entirely new and mysterious, that I was really curious to see what a botanist would say of them. What the botanist tells us after a number of imperfect lectures, the flower proclaimed in a minute. After a few hundred yards of thick forest, containing many trees which were quite unknown to me, but which Summerlee, who was the botanist of the party, recognized as forms of conifera and of cycadaceous plants which have long passed away in the world below, we entered a region where the stream widened out and formed a considerable bog.
From the top of the chimney he climbed he had caught sight of a new omnibus, whose color and name he had never known, as a naturalist might see a new bird or a botanist a new flower. He did this with the peculiar touch of the botanist. In naming the little green plant to her he used the Latin name, thus disguising some flower familiar even to Chelsea, and making her exclaim, half in amusement, at his knowledge. Dictionary browser?
Full browser?Botanybranch of biology that deals with the study of plantsincluding their structure, properties, and biochemical processes. Also included are plant classification and the study of plant diseases and of interactions with the environment. The principles and findings of botany have provided the base for such applied sciences as agriculturehorticultureand forestry.
Plants were of paramount importance to early humans, who depended upon them as sources of food, shelter, clothing, medicineornament, tools, and magic. Today it is known that, in addition to their practical and economic values, green plants are indispensable to all life on Earth: through the process of photosynthesisplants transform energy from the Sun into the chemical energy of food, which makes all life possible.
A second unique and important capacity of green plants is the formation and release of oxygen as a by-product of photosynthesis. The oxygen of the atmosphere, so absolutely essential to many forms of life, represents the accumulation of over 3, years of photosynthesis by green plants and algae. Although the many steps in the process of photosynthesis have become fully understood only in recent years, even in prehistoric times humans somehow recognized intuitively that some important relation existed between the Sun and plants.
Such recognition is suggested by the fact that worship of the Sun was often combined with the worship of plants by early tribes and civilizations. Earliest humans, like the other anthropoid mammals e. The behaviour of pre-Stone Age humans can be inferred by studying the botany of aboriginal peoples in various parts of the world. Isolated tribal groups in South AmericaAfrica, and New Guineafor example, have extensive knowledge about plants and distinguish hundreds of kinds according to their utility, as edible, poisonous, or otherwise important in their culture.
They have developed sophisticated systems of nomenclature and classificationwhich approximate the binomial system i. The urge to recognize different kinds of plants and to give them names thus seems to be as old as the human race. In time plants were not only collected but also grown by humans.
Botany facts for kids
This domestication resulted not only in the development of agriculture but also in a greater stability of human populations that had previously been nomadic.
From the settling down of agricultural peoples in places where they could depend upon adequate food supplies came the first villages and the earliest civilizations. Because of the long preoccupation of humans with plants, a large body of folklore, general information, and actual scientific data has accumulated, which has become the basis for the science of botany.
Theophrastusa Greek philosopher who first studied with Plato and then became a disciple of Aristotleis credited with founding botany. Only two of an estimated botanical treatises written by him are known to science: originally written in Greek about bcethey have survived in the form of Latin manuscripts, De causis plantarum and De historia plantarum. Pedanius Dioscoridesa Greek botanist of the 1st century cewas the most important botanical writer after Theophrastus.
In his major work, an herbal in Greek, he described some kinds of plants, with comments on their habit of growth and form as well as on their medicinal properties. Unlike Theophrastus, who classified plants as trees, shrubs, and herbs, Dioscorides grouped his plants under three headings: as aromatic, culinary, and medicinal. His herbal, unique in that it was the first treatment of medicinal plants to be illustrated, remained for about 15 centuries the last word on medical botany in Europe.
From the 2nd century bce to the 1st century cea succession of Roman writers— Cato the ElderVarroVirgiland Columella —prepared Latin manuscripts on farming, gardeningand fruit growing but showed little evidence of the spirit of scientific inquiry for its own sake that was so characteristic of Theophrastus. In the 1st century cePliny the Elderthough no more original than his Roman predecessors, seemed more industrious as a compiler.